Children of this Relationship
|June Oswald||2/15/1962||55 yrs.||Female||Biological|
|Audrey Marina Rachel Oswald||10/20/1963||54 yrs.||Female||Biological|
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Relationship Information, Quotes, and Trivia
Where and/or how did Marina Prusakova and Lee Harvey Oswald meet?
They met in Minsk, Russia while Lee was working as a lathe operator.
Why did Marina Prusakova and Lee Harvey Oswald break up?
Lee was shot and killed by Jack Ruby in Dallas, TX.
Other Relationship Information about Marina Prusakova and Lee Harvey Oswald:
In March, Oswald met Marina Prusakova, a 19-year-old pharmacology student; they married less than six weeks later. On July 11 Oswald and Marina applied at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow for documents enabling her to immigrate to the U.S. Their first child, June, was born on February 15, 1962, and on June 1 the family left for the United States, where they received a measure of attention in the press.
The Oswalds now settled in the Dallas/Fort Worth area, where his mother and brother Robert lived, and Oswald began a memoir on Soviet life. Though he eventually gave up the project, his search for literary feedback put him in touch with anti- Communist Russian emigres in the area. While merely tolerating the belligerent and arrogant Oswald, they sympathized with Marina, partly because she spoke no English. Oswald refused to teach her, saying he didn't want to forget Russian and because Oswald had begun to beat her. Although the Russian emigres eventually abandoned Marina when she made no sign of leaving Oswald, Oswald found an unlikely friend in George de Mohrenschildt, a well-educated petroleum geologist. (A native Russian speaker himself, de Mohrenschildt wrote that Oswald spoke Russian "very well, with only a little accent.") Marina meanwhile befriended Ruth Paine, who was trying to learn Russian, and her husband Michael.
The Warren Commission concluded that Oswald fired at Walker through a window, from less than 100 feet (30 m) away, as Walker sat at a desk in his home; the bullet struck the windowframe and Walker's only injury was bullet fragments to the forearm. Oswald returned home and told Marina what he had done. (The United States House Select Committee on Assassinations stated that the "evidence strongly suggested" that Oswald did the shooting.) At the time, Dallas police had no suspects in the shooting, but Oswald's involvement was suspected within hours of his arrest following the Kennedy assassination. (A note Oswald left for Marina on the night of the attempt, telling her what to do if he did not return, was not found until early December 1963.) The Walker bullet was too damaged to run conclusive ballistics studies on it, but neutron activation tests later showed that it was "extremely likely" that it was made by the same manufacturer and for the same rifle make as the two bullets which later struck Kennedy.
Oswald returned to New Orleans on April 25; Marina joined him at a later date. In May he was hired by the Reily Coffee Company as a machinery greaser, but was fired in July for malingering. Marina returned to Dallas in late September 1963, but Oswald stayed in New Orleans at least two more days to collect a $33 unemployment check. It is uncertain when he left New Orleans: he is next known to have boarded a bus in Houston, bound for the Mexican border rather than Dallas, and telling other passengers he planned to travel to Cuba via Mexico. In Mexico City he applied for a transit visa at the Cuban Embassy, claiming he wanted to visit Cuba on his way back to the Soviet Union. Cuban officials insisted Oswald would need Soviet approval, but he was unable to get prompt cooperation from that embassy.
On October 3 Oswald left by bus for Dallas, where on October 16 he began a job at the Texas School Book Depository. During the week he stayed in a Dallas rooming house (under the name O.H. Lee), but he spent weekends with Marina at the Paine home in Irving. On October 20 the Oswalds' second daughter was born. FBI agents twice visited the Paine home in early November, when Oswald was not present, looking for information on Marina, whom they suspected of being a Soviet agent. Oswald visited the Dallas FBI office about 7 to 10 days before the assassination, asking to see Special Agent James Hosty; told Hosty was unavailable, Oswald left a note that, according to the receptionist, read: "Let this be a warning. I will blow up the FBI and the Dallas Police Department if you don't stop bothering my wife. Signed - Lee Harvey Oswald."
Critics have not accepted the conclusions of the Warren Commission and have proposed a number of other theories, such as that Oswald conspired with others, or was not involved at all and was framed. In October 1981, with Marina's support, Oswald's grave was opened to test a theory propounded by writer Michael Eddowes: that during Oswald's stay in the Soviet Union he was replaced with a Soviet double; that it was this double, not Oswald, who killed Kennedy and who is buried in Oswald's grave; and that the exhumed remains would therefore not exhibit a surgical scar Oswald was known to carry. However, dental records positively identified the exhumed corpse as Oswald's, and the scar was present.
The "backyard photos," taken by Marina Oswald probably around March 31, 1963 using a camera belonging to Oswald, show Oswald holding two Marxist newspapers, The Militant and The Worker, and a rifle, and wearing a pistol in a holster. Shown the pictures after his arrest, Oswald insisted they were forgeries, but Marina testified in 1964 that she had taken the photographs at Oswald's request, testimony she reaffirmed repeatedly over the decades. These photos were labelled CE 133-A and CE 133-B. CE 133-A shows the rifle in Oswald's left hand and newsletters in front of his chest in the other, while the rifle is held with the right hand in CE 133-B. Oswald's mother testified that on the day after the assassination she and Marina destroyed another photograph with Oswald holding the rifle with both hands over his head, with "To my daughter June" written on it.
The HSCA obtained another first generation print (from CE 133-A) on April 1, 1977 from the widow of George de Mohrenschildt. The words "Hunter of fascists ha ha ha!" written in block Russian were on the back. Also in English were added in script: "To my friend George, Lee Oswald, 5/IV/63 [April 5, 1963]" Handwriting experts for the HSCA concluded the English inscription and signature were by Oswald. After two original photos, one negative and one first generation copy had been found, the Senate Intelligence Committee located (in 1976) a third backyard photo (CE 133-C) showing Oswald with newspapers held away from his body in his right hand). A test photo by the Dallas Police of a stand in in the identical pose was released with the Warren Commission evidence in 1964, but it is not known why CE 133-C itself was not publicly acknowledged until a print was found in 1975 amongst the effects of a deceased Dallas police officer.
These photos, widely recognized as some of the most significant evidence against Oswald, have been subjected to rigorous analysis. Photographic experts consulted by the HSCA concluded they were genuine, answering twenty-one points raised by critics. Marina Oswald has always maintained she took the photos herself, and the 1963 de Mohrenschildt print bearing Oswald's signature clearly indicate they existed before the assassination. Nonetheless, some continue to contest their authenticity. After digitally analyzing the photograph of Oswald holding the rifle and paper, computer scientist Hany Farid concluded that it "almost certainly was not altered."